For some believers, elements of the Mosaic law still apply, such as the Sabbath law. For others, the law represents a valuable resource for God`s feelings and character, but not a requirement to be followed today. Jews named by the Hebrew name Moses usually had a similar name in the language of the countries in which they were born or lived. In Europe, they were called Maurici, Maurice, Morris, Mauricio. In Arabic-speaking countries, they were also called Mustafa with Musa – the Arabic name for Moses.  New assumptions and the lack of specificity of a date do not eliminate the value of the law or its fundamental nature in religion and life. Every religion comes from somewhere, and discovering its origin should be a goal of every faith to promote understanding and faith. Killing someone who was innocent was a direct violation of Mosaic law. In Hebrew, this law did not apply to the killing of a person in self-defense or to protect other victims. It was for murder. In summary, we observe many differences between the Mosaic law and the Mesopotamian codes. While the Mosaic Codex emphasizes that laws come directly from the Godhead, texts from other civilizations emphasize that laws are based on the initiative of a ruler. While the Mosaic Codex is based on God`s holiness, holiness and human life, the laws of Mesopotamia are based on the preservation or protection of a particular social class or elite.
While the Mosaic Code applies the death penalty to crimes against human dignity, Mesopotamian laws apply this penalty to crimes that primarily violate property. While the laws of Mesopotamia draw a line strongly biased against women, the Mosaic Codex turns out to be more equidistant. In short, the Mosaic code is quite revolutionary for the time! So where does this understanding of the law come from? I am fully aware that this study in itself does not prove beyond doubt the revelation of Scripture. However, it is clear that claims that the Mosaic Code is somehow an imitation or inspiration of Mesopotamian texts are rather simplistic and naïve. What belonged to someone else was contrary to Mosaic law. This included the theft of clothing, food, animals, money and other property. Over time, this command has also been applied to other types of theft, such as deceiving people or committing fraud. „In this case, the master should take his servant.
to God, that is, to the place where the judgment was pronounced in the name of God [cf. Deuteronomy 1:17; 19:17; cf. Exodus 22:7-8] so that he could declare that he had renounced his freedom. His ear was then to be pierced with a punch against the door or lintel of the house and attached to the house forever by this sign, which was usual among many peoples of antiquity. That it is the meaning of piercing the ear against the door of the house is evident in the unusual expression in [Deuteronomy 15:17]: „And put (the hallmark) in his ear and in the door, that he may be your servant forever,“ where the ear and the door are coordinated. (Keil and Delitzsch, commentary, 1:2:130.) The Mosaic law includes the 10 commandments, but also many other laws. Mosaic laws include issues such as hygiene, nutrition, forgiveness, education, family time, animal sacrifice, and worship. Together, they functioned as a set of laws for the entire nation. For example, Orthodox Jews strictly adhere to every part of the Mosaic law, including laws on animal sacrifice and avoidance of certain types of meat. Conservative Jews also follow the Mosaic laws, but can interpret them in different ways for modern believers. The Law of Moses or the Torah of Moses (Hebrew: תֹּורַת מֹשֶׁה, Torat Moshe, Septuagint Ancient Greek: νόμος Μωυσῆ, nómos Mōusē, or in some translations the „Teachings of Moses“) is a biblical term first found in the book of Joshua 8:31-32, where Joshua writes the Hebrew words „Torat Moshe תֹּורַת מֹשֶׁה“ on a stone altar on Mount Ebal. In modern parlance, the Torah can refer to the first five books of the Tanakh, as the Hebrew Bible is commonly called, to the instructions and commandments given in the 2nd and 5th centuries.
Book of the Hebrew Bible, and also on the whole Tanakh and even on all the oral law. Among English-speaking Christians, the term „The Law“ can refer to the entire Pentateuch, including Genesis, but it usually refers to the New Testament, where nomos „the Law“ sometimes refers to the five books, including Genesis. This use of the Hebrew term „Torah“ (Law) for the first five books is considered misleading by John Van Seters, a scholar of the 21st century Christian Bible, because the Pentateuch „comprises about half of the law and the other half of the narrative.“  „The following is a general view on this issue. In [Exodus 20], the Ten Commandments are given; and at the same time various political and ecclesiastical statutes, which are described in detail in chapters [21-23]. In order to receive them, Moses had drawn near to the dense darkness in which God was, [20:21], and after receiving them, he came with them again to the people, according to their request made earlier, verse 19: Speak to us – but do not let the Lord speak to us, lest we die, for they were frightened by the way, how God spoke the Ten Commandments; See ver. 18. Then Moses went up the mountain with Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and the elder seventy; And on his return, he proclaimed to the people all these laws [24:1] &c., and they promised obedience. There is still not a word on the stone tables. Then he wrote it all down in a book, [24:4], which was called the book of the covenant, verse 7. Then there was a second ascent of Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu and the Seventy Elders [24:9] when this glorious discovery of God, mentioned in verses 10 and 11 of the same chapter, took place. When they came down, Moses was again ordered to go up; and God promises to give him tablets of stone containing a law and commandments, verse 12.
This is the first place where these stone tablets are mentioned; And so it seems that the Ten Commandments and some other commandments were given and accepted to the people, and the sacrifice of the covenant was offered [24:5] before the tablets of stone were written or mentioned. It is very likely that the commandments, the laws &c. were first published by the Lord listening to the people; then repeated by Moses; and the ten words or commandments containing the sum and contents of the whole, which were then written on the first stone tables to be preserved for recording in the ark. (Clarke, Bible Commentary, 1:474.) I can understand why the Hebrews wanted to have a set of Mosaic laws by which they could live instead of living in confusion and chaos. We Americans did the same when our founders created the U.S. Constitution. We needed to know where the borders were and what punishment we could expect if we violated these important laws. The Mosaic law forbids the nation of Israel to make any kind of idols or statues for worship. These included golden calves and temples for other gods.
Many people think that the law of Moses boils down to the requirement „an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth“ (2. Moses 21:24). They imagine a system of violent retaliation and brutal punishment. Exodus 23:1–8 is an excellent example of the vagueness of this idea. Here are laws that require a high degree of morality, justice, and righteousness, and requirements for doing good to one`s neighbor. At a time when wickedness abounds, gossip and slander are the order of the day (see verse 1), when people follow the fashions and fashions of wicked and greedy people (see verse 2), when the wicked (Joseph Smith corrected the word poor in the verse).
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