I think the distinction made here is reversed. When you hear these idiomatically used words, morality tends to refer to codified social beliefs received on an undisputed basis (the use of the term „moral majority“ in the 1960s, for example). On the other hand, ethics implies a philosophical and therefore founded set of values that the individual reflects on (let us return to Aristotle`s ethics). I struggled to figure out how to accurately represent how they relate to each other. I thought of a Venn diagram, but the circles didn`t seem to overlap quite correctly. Even this pyramid isn`t universal – and that`s because, unlike the other two, morality is a largely personal and variant thing. A smaller diamond or pyramid could replace the rectangle for many people. Things that are considered immoral have personal consequences. Cheat on your spouse and you could get divorced. Similarly, unethical things have professional consequences.
If you insult your student`s parents. Well. The law is different. It is not morality in the strict sense of the word because, at least in democratic countries, it seeks to create a private space where individuals can live according to their own ethical or moral beliefs. Instead, the law seeks to create a fundamental and enforceable standard of behavior necessary for the success of a community in which all people are treated equally. Another example can be found in the medical field. In most parts of the world, a physician is not allowed to euthanize a patient, even at the patient`s request, in accordance with the ethical standards of health professionals. However, the same doctor may personally believe in a patient`s right to die, depending on the morality of the physician. Think about when you make decisions or respond to the decisions of others.
Depending on the lens you use – law vs. ethics vs. morality – your emotional response will be different. Morality governs personal interactions, and different social groups have different morals. Groups tend to agree (consciously or unconsciously) on a set of rules about how they behave with each other. I thought most people knew that too. Until a long conversation about these incidents, in which several people used the words „moral“ and „ethical“ as if they were perfect synonyms. This is not the case. Morality is an individual`s opinion of right and wrong.
A code of ethics is the opinion of a group that has the power to force others to follow their views or be punished. Having the power to make rules doesn`t make your rules any more objective or rational. ALL moral opinions are subjective. Posting videos of a cult that believes in magic destroys your credibility. People often confuse ethics and morality in economics and decision-making, but they are different. As society evolves and opinions change, so does what is considered moral. If you look back in history, there are many examples of laws that were clearly immoral by today`s standards. Among other things, the United States stole Native American land, enslaved blacks, and discriminated against homosexuals. As society becomes more informed and open, citizens demand that their laws reflect their new definition of what is moral.
While not everyone agrees with the decisions, changing the laws is a big step toward changing general social views. The amendment to the law provides the company with the new definition of what is acceptable. Law and morality interact with each other and often cause each other`s change. Ultimately, when laws are unjust or outdated, people must stand up and fight for what is right. However, ethicists now use the terms interchangeably. If they want to distinguish morality from ethics, it is up to the ethicist to give the definitions of the two terms. In the end, the difference between the two is as substantial as a line drawn in the sand. Here is an example from our field: plagiarism. Plagiarism is not always a copyright infringement, although copyright infringement is often plagiarism. If you ask someone to write your session work for you and present it as your own work, you have not violated anyone`s rights.
But you behaved unethically. If you do this at school, you risk being expelled. If you do this in a job, you can be fired. But no one will stop you or punish you. It is unethical, but not illegal. Good versus evil must also be defined or judged by this law. Written law is always universally objective, and ethics and morality depend on it. Just because something is immoral doesn`t mean it`s unethical.
And just because something is unethical doesn`t mean it`s illegal. But there are consequences for everyone. Sometimes the consequences of an immoral act can be much worse than those of an illegal act. Sometimes an unethical act can lead to professional ruin, but leave your personal life unscathed. In fact, when you stop complying with regulatory requirements, you`re doing yourself more harm than good to yourself, your career, and your business. I defend the fact that morality is the law that our minds follow. While normal, democratic law applies to corporations and organizations, morality concerns our own subjective opinions. That`s why I don`t think it`s outdated, because it shapes our personalities and thoughts.
In my opinion, morality is certainly not outdated. It helps people work in everyday life. Morality prevents people from making inhumane decisions and destroying each other. Of course, it`s different for each culture, country, religion, but the main point is not to hurt others and to be the best version of yourself. It is true that more specific „rules“ change because the world is constantly changing. People learn from their mistakes, from history, and through that, they can refine the moral code. In my opinion, the morality imposed by a higher power on man is never obsolete. Only when people reject the universal commandments of this higher power, God, can they change their morality by having the power to impose themselves on others. Many people use morality and ethics interchangeably.
The concept of law is a completely different matter. To fully understand ethical concepts, it is important to understand the concepts of morality and law. The definition of morality will refer to ethics in a circular definition; The same goes for ethics. But ethics represents an innate knowledge of the distinctions right and wrong. Ethics transcends culture, religion and time. Ethics is an external norm provided by institutions, groups or cultures to which an individual belongs. For example, lawyers, police officers and physicians must follow a code of ethics established by their profession, regardless of their own feelings or preferences. Ethics can also be seen as a social system or as a framework for acceptable behaviour. The law is the written obligation of a company, it can only be changed in a way permitted by other laws or treaties.
The law is hierarchical and generally requires respect for appointed directors. Sacred law is hierarchical, for example, the Ten Commandments are obligations written by God and should not be confused with ethics or morality. Ultimately, if you`re often faced with decisions that cause moral conflict and you have no way to change the „why,“ it`s time to plan your outing. Morality is defined as a moral code or principles of right and wrong. Basic morality condemns murder, adultery, lying and theft. Ethics explores the idea of morality and its place in society and deals with questions of morality. The law is based on principles and regulations established in a community by an authority and applicable to its people.